Excerpt: In October 2008, the forces of the National Congress for the Defense of the Congolese People (CNDP), under the command of General Laurent Nkunda, launched a major offensive against the Democratic Republic of Congo Armed Forces (FARDC) in eastern Congo. Within days, the CNDP captured a number of small towns and Congolese forces retreated in large numbers.
Below you will find a compilation of reports related to international peacekeeping, including the latest and most relevant research and information from PEP Partners and Academics, as well as the UN, U.S. Government and Foreign Governments.
Note: The PEP report library is a “comprehensive compilation in progress.” We encourage PEP Partners to submit relevant reports for inclusion on the site.
The Latest Reports
The Democratic Republic of Congo: Background and Current DevelopmentsPublished July 16, 2009
Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act for FY2006: A Fact Sheet on Department of Defense Authority to Train and Equip Foreign Military ForcesPublished July 7, 2009
Excerpt: Section 1206 of the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) for Fiscal Year 2006 provides the Secretary of Defense with authority to train and equip foreign military and foreign maritime security forces. The Department of Defense (DOD) values this authority as an important tool to train and equip military partners. Funds may be obligated only with the concurrence of the Secretary of State. Thus far, the Department of Defense (DOD) has used Section 1206 authority primarily to provide counterterrorism support. This authority expires in FY2011.
A New Partnership Agenda: Charting a New Horizon for UN PeacekeepingPublished July 1, 2009
Excerpt: A document prepared by the Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Department of Field Support that contributes to an ongoing discussion about the future direction of UN peacekeeping and how this unique instrument can continue to serve the international community and the millions of people that look to it for support.
Greater Expectations: UN Peacekeeping and Civilian ProtectionPublished July 1, 2009
Abstract: This report analyzes the evolution of peacekeeping and civilian protection norms and provides an in-depth look into the peacekeeping missions in Chad to draw lessons from their challenges and successes. In addition, this report looks at what the U.S. can do to support the efforts and innovations of the UN and other peacekeeping bodies. The U.S. has a key role to play to gain greater international acceptance in the belief that we have a responsibility to protect people in times of crisis. But it also cando more to support real action that protects people from harm.
Peace Operations in Africa: Seven Challenges, Any Solutions?Published July 1, 2009
In this article, Paul D. Williams analyzes seven of the most fundamental challenges facing peace operations on the continent.
East Timor: Political Dynamics, Development, and International InvolvementPublished June 17, 2009
Excerpt: The situation in the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, which is also known as simply Timor-Leste or East Timor, is relatively calm compared with recent periods of political strife and insurrection. That said, some underlying tensions, such as with the security sector, remain to be resolved. Timor-Leste faces many serious challenges as it seeks to establish a stable democracy and develop its economy. Prior to 2006 the international community’s main concern focused on possible tensions in East Timor’s relations with Indonesia. Since 2006 the main threat to East Timor has been internal strife resulting from weak, or collapsed, state institutions, rivalries among elites and between security forces, a poor economy, unemployment, east-west tensions within the country and population displacement. The reintroduction of peacekeeping troops and a United Nations mission, the flow of revenue from hydrocarbon resources in the Timor Sea, and improved political stability are helping East Timor move towards more effective and democratic government. East Timor has significant energy resources beneath the Timor Sea. A key issue is how this wealth will be conserved and spent in the years ahead.
Haiti: Current Conditions and Congressional ConcernsPublished June 17, 2009
Excerpt: Haiti shares the island of Hispaniola with the Dominican Republic. Since the fall of the Duvalierdictatorship in 1986, Haiti has struggled to overcome its centuries-long legacy of authoritarianism, extreme poverty, and underdevelopment. While some progress has been made in developing democratic institutions, they remain weak. Economic and social stability have improved considerably. But poverty remains massive and deep, and economic disparity is wide.
The Global Peace Operations Initiative: Background and Issues for CongressPublished June 11, 2009
Excerpt: In its May 2009 budget request for FY2010, the Obama Administration has requested $96.8 million for the Global Peace Operations Initiative (GPOI). GPOI was established in mid-2004 as a five-year program with intended annual funding to total $660 million from FY2005 through FY2009. (Actual funds allocated to the GPOI program from FY2005 through FY2009 totaled, as of April 2009, some $480.4 million.) The centerpiece of the Bush Administration’s efforts to prepare foreign security forces to participate in international peacekeeping operations, GPOI’s primary purpose has been to train and equip 75,000 military troops, a majority of them African, for peacekeeping operations by 2010. In October 2008, the National Security Council’s Deputies Committee approved a five-year renewal of GPOI’s mandate. Congressional approval of the FY2010 budget request would provide funding for the first year of this extension.
Report of the Security Council Mission to the African Union; Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo; and LiberiaPublished June 11, 2009
The present report of the Security Council mission to Africa from 14 to 21 May 2009 has three sections, covering the Council’s visits to the African Union, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, and Liberia. Each section ends with specific recommendations to the Security Council, the parties involved and the international community. The present report follows the briefing to the Council by heads of the Security Council mission to Africa on 28 May 2009.
Report of the Security Council mission to Haiti (11 to 14 March 2009)Published April 3, 2009
Excerpt: In a letter dated 3 February 2009, the President of the Security Council informed the Secretary-General that the members of the Council had decided to send a mission to Haiti from 11 to 14 March, which would be led by Jorge Urbina of Costa Rica. The mission constituted a clear demonstration of the commitment of the Security Council to the stability of Haiti and an opportunity to call for immediate responses and long-term solutions to the challenges facing Haiti. The challenges include the following areas: security, political dialogue and elections, extension of State authority, rule of law and human rights, humanitarian relief and socio-economic development.